believed that ancient Ulqini was founded in the 5th century B.C. by Greeks
from colchis, during colonization of the region. The colchian colonization
is mentioned in the 3rd century B.C. poem by Apollonius of Rhodos.
Illyrians lived in the region at that time, under Greek influence they
built immense so-called ”Cyclopean walls”. These walls are the remains of
the oldest habitation in today’s Old Town and Ulqinis Cyclopean walls are
the oldest of the kind in the Adriatic coast.
Ancient Colchinium became Olcinium in the 2nd century B.C., when the
Romans took it over from the illyrian tribe of Olciniates (163 B.C.).
Under that name it is encountered in written sources for the first time in
Pliny the Elder, in Naturalis Historia, and is also mantioned by Titus
Livius.Under Romans Ulqini became a fortified oppdium-civium romanorum,
and later a municipium- a city with self government.
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